Wednesday, June 11, 2008

OCC mortgage metrics

(Calculated Risk) The OCC has inaugurated a new report, which will be issued quarterly, on mortgage delinquency, loss mitigation, and foreclosure activity drawn from the servicing databases of nine large banks:

The report analyzes data submitted on each of the more than 23 million loans held or serviced by these nine banks from October 2007 through March 2008. The $3.8 trillion portfolio represents 90 percent of mortgages held by national banks and about 40 percent of mortgages overall. The participating national banks are Bank of America, Citibank, First Horizon, HSBC, JPMorgan Chase, National City, USBank, Wachovia, and Wells Fargo.
Of this aggregated servicing portfolio, about 90% of loans are securitized either through the GSEs or private label issuers. The mix is 62% prime, 9% Alt-A, and 9% subprime, with the remaining 20% "other" being largely loans with insufficient or missing data that does not allow assignment into one of the three categories. The OCC indicates that data scrubbing will continue, and hopefully future reports will have a smaller "other" bucket.

It's a big database, and the OCC has made a real effort to standardize its own definitions, based on reported data elements rather than servicer descriptions, so that the credit and loss mitigation categories are consistent across all nine servicers.

The full report is available here. From the summary:
• The proportion of mortgages in the total portfolio that was current and performing remained relatively constant during the reporting period at approximately 94 percent.
• Serious delinquencies, defined as bankrupt borrowers who are 30 days delinquent and all delinquencies greater than 60 days, increased just one-tenth of a percentage point during the period, from 2.1 percent to about 2.2 percent.
• As in other studies, the report confirms that foreclosures in process are plainly on the rise, with the total number increasing steadily and significantly through the reporting period from 0.9 percent of the portfolio to 1.23 percent. Interestingly, the number of new foreclosures has been quite variable. While one month does not make a trend, new foreclosures in March declined to 45,696, down 21 percent from January’s high and down about 4.5 percent from the start of the reporting period last October.
• The majority of serious delinquencies was concentrated in the highest risk segment – subprime mortgages. Though these mortgages constituted less than 9 percent of the total portfolio, they sustained twice as many delinquencies as either prime or Alt-A
• Consistent with other reports, payment plans predominated, outnumbering loan modifications in March by more than four to one. But loan modifications increased at a much faster rate during the period.
• Although subprime mortgages constituted less than 9 percent of the total portfolio, subprime loss mitigation actions constituted 43 percent of all loss mitigation actions in March.
• The emphasis on loss mitigation for subprime mortgages corresponds to the nationwide focus on this higher risk sector. Total loss mitigation actions exceeded newly initiated foreclosure proceedings by a margin of nearly 2 to 1.

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